The reverse mortgage helps the seniors over sixty two years old to use the equity of the home to supplement an existing income. Reverse mortgage is loan advance to the home without repayment unless the owner moves, dies, or sells the home.
In the United Kingdom, reverse mortgage is more common as lifetime mortgage. Hence, the owner never needs to repay as long as the owner lives in the home. The reverse mortgage lenders distribute the cash as lump sum, regular payment, credit line, or combinations.
In the United States, the basic types of reverse mortgage are single purpose reverse mortgage, federally insured reverse mortgage, and proprietary reverse mortgage. There may be more types in different countries, but the main idea is very similar.
Single Purpose Reverse Mortgage
The government agencies and non profit organizations offer this type of reverse mortgage. It is generally low costs. Although the government agencies may be local or state, the mortgage is available in a few locations only. The purpose of reverse mortgage is specific such as home repair, home improvements, and property taxes. And, the owner earns low or moderate income.
Federally Insured Reverse Mortgage
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) backs this type of reverse mortgage. This type is more commonly known as Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM). The upfront costs are high especially if the owner stays in short period of time. So, this reverse mortgage is costlier than Single Purpose Reverse Mortgage.
It is the opposite of Single Purpose Reverse Mortgage in which the reverse mortgage loan can be used in any purpose. And, the mortgage are widely available anywhere. There are also no income or medical requirements.
Proprietary Reverse Mortgage
The private companies backed or owned this type of reverse mortgage. It is generally the most expensive type of reverse mortgage. However, the owner may get more than other types of reverse mortgage. Generally, it works the same way as the Federally Insured Reverse Mortgage.