The mortgage is a very scary word. The borrowers need to commit to pay off the mortgage for many years. So, there is a lot of confusion on reverse mortgage. Here are some of the questions and answers.
What is a reverse mortgage?
The senior citizens who are over sixty one years old use the reverse mortgage to get a portion of the home equity. It is tax free, because it is more like loan advance. The borrower only repays when the borrower moves, dies, or sells the home property.
How is reverse mortgage different from traditional mortgage?
The borrower uses the home equity in reverse mortgage. Thereby, the home equity of the borrower decreases. The traditional mortgage is the exact opposite. The borrowers build home equity as the borrowers pay off the mortgage.
Traditionally, the borrower qualifies for the mortgage. The financial institution checks the credit history. If the borrower qualifies, the borrower pays monthly or bi-weekly mortgage payment. In reverse mortgage, the borrower defers mortgage payment as long as the borrower lives in the home.
How much can I claim from reverse mortgage?
The total amount to claim depends on age of borrower, value of home, and interest rate of mortgage. For example, the interest rate is nine percent. If the borrower is sixty five years old, the borrower can claim twenty six percent of the home equity. If the borrower is eighty five years old, the borrower can claim fifty six percent of the home equity.
Where can I use the amount from reverse mortgage?
There are three basic reverse mortgage types. It is single purpose reverse mortgage, home equity conversion mortgage, and propriety reverse mortgage. In single purpose reverse mortgage, the borrower can only use the amount for a specific purpose such as home improvements, and property taxes. In the other reverse mortgage types, the borrower can use the amount into any expenses.
The financial institution pays the reverse mortgage in the form of lump sum payment, periodic payment, credit line, or combination.
What are the requirements for reverse mortgage?
The borrower must be sixty two years or over, live in the home, took reverse mortgage counseling, or pay off most principal. The home qualifies if the home is principal residence, single family residence, one to four units, mobile home, or FHA condominiums. If the home is more than one unit, the borrower must live in one of four units.
What are the affect on my home property?
The borrower maintains the title and ownership of the home. That means the borrower still pays the maintenance, insurance, and property taxes. After the home is sold, the capital gains pay off the amount of reverse mortgage first. If there is any remaining amount, it goes to the heirs of the home property.
Does reverse mortgage affects Social Security and Medicare benefits?
The reverse mortgage is tax free amount. It is more like loan advance. However, the amount is liquid assets. It must maintain below the maximum allowable liquid assets to get the maximum benefit from Social Security and Medicare.
The loan amortization calculator, which creates the spreadsheets of principal, interest, and balances on each payment period, provides a big picture on how the mortgage will turn out. The mortgage payment covers the principal and interest. In the life of mortgage, the balance decreases as the borrower makes regular payment. Thus, the borrower sees for any chance of negative amortization. A negative amortization is a point in time when the payment is not enough to cover the principal and interest.
To a mortgage dictionary, the amortization means the repayment of mortgage thru installments of regular payments. And, the loan means the sum of money that lender lends to the borrower to be repaid on a specified period. It is also good to know principal, and interest rate which are use to calculate the mortgage payment. The principal means the face value of the mortgage, while the interest rate means percentage of the balance to be paid.
The biggest advantage of loan amortization calculator is to see the mortgage tax deduction. For each payment period, the calculator computes the mortgage interest. The mortgage interest tax deduction is one of the potent tax deductions for homeowners. For the latest news on mortgage interest tax deduction, you may want to refer to Internal Revenue Services (IRS).
Actually, the lender sends form 1098 to the borrower. The form shows the total mortgage interest for the entire year. The borrower places the total mortgage interest to Schedule A Form 1040 of the income tax return.
To qualify for the tax deduction, borrower must fill out Schedule A Form 1040, liable for the loan, and secures the debt. Only the actual borrower, who pays the mortgage and owns the home, can claim the tax deduction. To secure the debt, borrower can use mortgage, deed of trust, or land contract. The mortgage, deed of trust, or land contract ensures the repayment of debt in case of default of mortgage payment.
The mortgage interest of any home, that includes sleeping, toilet, and cooking facilities, qualifies for mortgage tax deduction. So, the house, condominium, cooperative, mobile home, house trailer, or boat house usually qualifies for tax deduction. Furthermore, the home is the first and second home of the borrower.
To conclude, the loan amortization calculator helps the potential mortgage borrower to see the overview of the life of the mortgage. Seeing the amortization schedule, the borrower can tell how he wants the loan to work. The amortization schedule even tells the mortgage interest tax deduction. For the complete information on mortgage interest tax deduction, you may want to consult IRS. The laws and regulations change all the time. Especially, there are talks of removing the mortgage interest tax deduction.
The second mortgage loan is a fixed rate subordinate loan of the first mortgage. The first mortgage must be paid off first before the Second Mortgage. The lenders usually lend up to seventy five percent to ninety five percent of the home equity. The home equity is the difference between current value and amount owe.
Most of the time, the homeowners use the second mortgage loan to pay for debt consolidation, home improvement, college education, or other expenses. And, homeowners pay both the mortgage at the same time. Since the second mortgage is higher risk than first mortgage, the lenders take extra measure to analyze the risk. Understandably, the second mortgage has higher interest rate than the first mortgage. Even though the homeowner pays higher interest rate, the interest rate is still lower than most credit cards.
The interest rates vary on each mortgage lender. The lowest interest rate does not necessarily mean the best deal. They are cost involve in any mortgage. And, the costs are different for each mortgage lender. Always ask for the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) which tells the true cost of borrowing. The mortgage lenders must disclose the APR by law.
Mortgage Lenders calculate second mortgage payment same as any regular mortgage monthly payment. Actually, the homeowners are able to pay monthly, bi-weekly, and extra payment like any other mortgage. The interest rate and payment period remains the same on the life of the loan. A newer type of second mortgage, which is called Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC), allows more flexibility. The homeowner can even pay interest only on earlier periods. Then, the homeowner pays the regular payment on later periods. Some mortgage lenders allow lump sum payment at the maturity to extinguish the debt. This is called balloon payment. A default of second mortgage payment risks the title of the home, because the title of the home serves as the collateral of the second mortgage.
The life of second mortgage can be as short as five years. Some second mortgage goes as long as fifteen years. And, some second mortgage goes as far as thirty years. Naturally, it takes longer to pay off bigger second mortgage. And, the homeowner opts for a longer maturity date.
The mortgage lenders offer a powerful tool called second mortgage. In a difficult debt crisis, the second mortgage can consolidate all debts with a lower interest rate than most credit cards. In emergency, the second mortgage can also pay home improvements, home renovations, college education, or other expenses. However, a misuse of second mortgage leads to repossess of the home by mortgage lenders. It is advisable to know how much you can afford to pay before you take second mortgage. Mortgage Lenders also offer different interest rate. Lowest interest rate may not be the best offer. It is important to know the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) which tells the true cost of borrowing. Legally, the mortgage lender will disclose the APR to the homeowner.
The Home Equity Loan, which is another term for second mortgage, lets the borrowers to borrow up to ninety five percent of the home equity accumulated. The home equity loan also allows the borrower to spend on home improvements, debt consolidation, home renovations, vacation getaway, vehicles, investments, college tuitions, or other expenses.
The home equity composes of the appraised value minus amount owe. And, the borrower uses the home as collateral for the loan. The collateral serves as property to guarantee repayment of the loan. In case of default of payment on loan, the lender seizes the property. Most of the time, the loan will be repaid in shorter period of time between five to fifteen years. Rarely, the loan is repaid in thirty years.
For example, the home owner bought a three bedroom house for $300,000 with $30,000 down payment. So, the home owner borrows $270,000 ($300,000 - $30, 000). After ten years, the home owner pays off the principal by $42,000. He still owes $228,000. At the same time, the appraised value comes to $500,000. Using the amount owe and appraised value, he calculates the equity to $272,000 ($500,000 - $228, 000). Eventually, he can borrow up to ninety percent of $272,000.
Types of Home Equity Loan
First Rate Loans give a single lump-sum payment to the borrower. And, he pays the loan on regular set of payment periods over time. The payment amount and interest rate stays the same thru out the life of the loan.
Variable Rate Loans, which is also called Home Equity Lines of Credit (HELOC), offers more flexible on payment. Some loans offer to pay interest only at earlier periods, and pay the principal gradually at later periods. Some loans offer discounted interest rate temporarily at the earlier periods. And, the interest rates fluctuate thru out the life of the loan. Next, this loan works like a credit card. The lender gives the borrower a credit limit. And, the borrower can use up to the credit limit. The main benefit is lower interest rate than normal credit cards.
Cost of Home Equity Loan
The costs are similar to acquire the first mortgage such as appraisal fee, application fee, and discount points. The appraisal fee is paid for the real estate appraiser to estimate the value of the property, while the application fee is paid upon application. The application fee may include property appraisal and credit report. As for the discount points, it is upfront fee to bring the mortgage payment.
There are also closing costs. The closing costs may include attorney, title search, mortgage preparation, and filing fees. Besides the closing costs, there are also recurring costs such as annual membership, and transaction fee. The annual membership fee is paid for the privilege of line of credit, while the transaction fee is paid for each draw on line of credit.
Facts of Home Equity Loan
In a Variable Rate Loans, periodic cap, lifetime cap, index, and margin are important thing to be aware. The periodic cap tells the limit on interest changes. Next, the lifetime cap tells the limit on interest changes on the life of the loan. Another, the index tells how much to raise or lower the interest rate. Finally, the margin tells amount to be added to the index.
Like any mortgage, the loans have terms and conditions. The terms and conditions tells what happen to the property in case of default, how the repayment carries on the life of loan, what penalties puts into action on late payments, or so. The Federal Truth in Lending Act also protects the borrower. The Act ensures that the borrower is inform on terms and conditions, the fees is return on undecided transaction, the borrower allows for three days cancellation, and terms and condition remains the same on life of the loan.
Debt Management Support is set of strategies to control the current and future debt. The debt builds up quite fast when the individuals lack the funds to pay off the bills. Since the introduction of credit cards, debts easily accumulate faster than ever. With credit cards, it is so easy and convenient to pay goods and services. The debt crisis comes when it is time to pay. Debt does not come from credit cards alone. Debt is a total accumulation of unpaid mortgage, services, electricity, water, cable, and more.
Debt Management Company has grown into a viable and lucrative business and industry. Because the debt traps many individuals from different walks of life, Debt Management Company sprouts on different part of the country and world. Many individuals will be able pay on time to handle debt, but there are a great number of individuals who needs a little bit of push and help. Debt Management Support Representatives interacts with individual who needs help. Then, the Debt Management Support Representatives creates a program, strategy, method, or plan to get the individual out of debt.
Common Debt Management Strategies
Try to reduce the number of credit cards. Individuals can start on the highest interest rate credit card. Just to let you know that individuals can negotiate a lower interest rate. All you need to do is ask. Just ask. And, you shall receive. Individuals can simply call up the Credit Card Company. They will be happy to lower the interest rate, because they still want your business. Plus, the Credit Cards are widely accepted in the many parts of country and world. There is no reason to keep a bunch.
Debit Cards provides the best alternative to credit card. Best part of it, individuals can avoid interest charges. All you have to watch is the debit charges. Individuals can avoid debit charges by going to merchants or stores who uses the same financial institution of your debit card. Just think of debit cards as withdrawing money from your bank account. Anyways, the money to pay credit cards usually comes from bank accounts.
Now, many major financial institutions offer variable interest rate loan, or line of credit. The interest rate depends on the market. On a lower interest rates, individuals save a significant amount of money.
Many creditors offer debt consolidation which greatly reduces payments on debt and interest. Debt Consolidation combines all the debt into a single debt which is usually on lower interest rates. Debt Management Support Representative offers great advice and direction to analyze the advantage or disadvantage for you.
Credit Limit Reduction forces the individuals to stop the accumulation of more debts. And again, the individuals can negotiate to reduce the credit limit from creditors. Another way to reduce credit limit is to reduce the number of credit cards.
To create a budget also helps to get out of debt. Just thinking about budget puts many individuals in pain. Budget takes a lot of discipline. When creating a budget, the individuals keep in mind that budget should pay off the debt and maintain a healthy lifestyle at the same time.
Debt takes control the life of many individuals. While debt is easy to get, it is hard to get out of debt. As you have seen, there are a few common strategies to take. Debt Management teaches the discipline and strategy to get out of debt. When any individuals masters the debt management, the individuals learns how to get out of debt and prevent occurrences of debt.
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